Kinetic characterisation and thermal inactivation study of polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase from table grape (Crimson Seedless)
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Autor/esCarreño, Juan; López Miranda, Santiago; Serrano Martínez, Ana; Núñez Delicado, Estrella; Fortea Gorbe, Mª Isabel
Disciplina/sCiencias de la Alimentación
Materia/sPolyphenol oxidase Peroxidase Grape Crimson Seedless Kinetic parameters Thermal inactivation SDS
Polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and peroxidase (POD) were extracted from a table grape (Crimson Seedless) using Triton X-114 and characterized using spectrophotometric methods. Both PPO and POD were activated by acid shock. However, in the presence of the anionic detergent sodium dodecil sulphate (SDS), PPO was activated whereas POD was inactivated. The enzymes were kinetically characterized and both followed Michaelis–Menten kinetics, although with different values of their kinetic parameters. The Vm/Km ratio showed that Crimson Seedless grape PPO presents a similar affinity for 4-tert-butyl-catechol (TBC) whether activated by acid shock (0.018 min1 ) or SDS (0.023 min1 ). With regards to POD, the Km and Vm values for 2,20 -azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazolinesulphonic acid) (ABTS) were 0.79 mM and 1.20 lM/min, respectively. In the case of H2O2, the Km and Vm value were 0.4 mM and 0.93 lM/min, respectively. PPO and POD showed similar thermostability, losing >90% of relative activity a...