Water reconditioning by high power ultrasound combined with residual chemical sanitizers to inactivate foodborne pathogens associated with fresh-cut products
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Discipline/sCiencias de la Alimentación
Subject/sFresh produce Disinfection Escherichia coli O157:H7 Listeria monocytogenes Salmonella Typhimurium Food safety
The suitability of high power ultrasound (HPU, 20 kHz, 0.28 kW/l) combined with residual chemical sanitizers for water reconditioning was studied. A synergetic disinfection effect was observed when HPU was combined with peroxyacetic acid (PAA) or a commercial mix of organic acids and phenolic compounds (OA/PC). In recycled water (RW) with a chemical oxygen demand (COD) of 500 mg O2/l, PAA inactivated 2 log units of Escherichia coli O157:H7 at concentrations of 3.2, 6.4, 16 mg/l after 7 min, 2 min, 29 s, respectively. The OA/PC or HPU treatments alone needed 26 min treatments to achieve the same reduction. The addition of TiO2 (5 g/l) to HPU (sonocatalysis) did not improve E. coli O157:H7 inactivation. However, when HPU was combined with a residual concentration of PAA (3.2 mg/l), the total inactivation of E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella (6 log unit reductions) occurred after 11 min, but for Listeria monocytogenes only 1.7 log reductions were detected after 20 min. When HPU was ...