Intensive family exposure-based cognitive-behavioral treatment for adolescents with anorexia nervosa
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Author/sIniesta Sepúlveda, Marina; Nadeau, Joshua M; Whelan, Megan K; Oiler, Christina M.; Ramos, Amaya; [et al.]
Cognitive behavioral therapy
Anorexia nervosa exhibits high comorbidity rates and shared features with anxiety disorders and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Anxiety-based etiological models have proposed that fear of eating-related stimuli is the central mechanism around which avoidance of food and foodrelated rituals are performed. Building on this approach, exposure-based interventions have demonstrated promising results. Limited evidence in adolescents encourages the evaluation of exposure approaches in this population. Method: The current study presents a preliminary evaluation, in eight adolescents with anorexia nervosa, of an exposure-based CBT featuring an intensive format and parental involvement. Results: signifi cant improvements in physical and psychological outcomes were observed. Conclusions: this case series provides preliminary support for the effi cacy of intensive family exposure-based CBT for treating adolescents with severe anorexia nervosa.