Evaluation of the insertion torque, implant stability quotient and drilled hole quality for different drill design: an in vitro Investigation
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Autor/esGehrke, Sergio Alexandre; Calvo Guirado, José Luis; Bettach, Raphael; Del Fabbro, Massimo; Pérez-Albacete Martínez, Carlos; [et al.]
Resonance frequency analysis
Objective: The purpose of the present study was to compare the insertion torque and implant stability quotient between different drill design for implant site preparation. Materials and Methods: Synthetic blocks of bone (type I density) were used for drilling procedures. Three groups were evaluated: Group G1 - drilling with a single bur for a 4.2 mm conical implant; Group G2 and Group G3 - drilling with three consecutive burs for a 4.1 mm cylindrical implant and for a 4.3 mm conical implant respectively. For each group, 15 drilling procedures were performed without irrigation for 10-mm in-depth. The drilled hole quality (HQ) after the osteotomy for implant site preparation was measured in the five-first holes through a fully automated roundness/cylindricity instrument at three levels (top, middle, and bottom of the site). The insertion torque value (ITV) was achieved with a computed torquimeter and the implant stability quotient (ISQ) values were measured using a resonance frequency ...