Degradation of malachite green by a pulsed light/H2O2 process
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Author/sNavarro, Patricia; Zapata, Jean-Pier; Gotor, Gemma; González Olmos, Rafael; Gómez López, Vicente Manuel
Advanced oxidation process
Pulsed light (PL) is a type of photonic technology characterized by intense short light pulses that enhance the speed of photochemical reactions and might be useful as light source in advanced oxidation processes (AOPs). This work aimed to test PL as light source for the degradation of the dye malachite green by combining PL with H2O2. To this, the effect of dye and H2O2 concentrations and pH on the degradation rate of malachite green was studied and a degradation pathway was proposed. Dye degradation followed a pseudo-first order kinetics; it increased with low initial dye concentration, high H2O2 concentration and low pH. Complete decolourization was achieved after 35 light pulses (75 J/cm2), with a degradation rate of 0.0710 cm2/J. The degradation mechanism was initiated by the attack of hydroxyl radicals to the central carbon of malachite green generating 4-(dimethylamino)benzophenone (DLBP) followed by the addition of hydroxyl radicals to the non-amino aromatic ring of DLBP and th...