Biochemical responses and physical performance during high-intensity resistance circuit training in hypoxia and normoxia
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Author/sRubio Arias, Jacobo Ángel; Dufour, Stéphane; Chung, Linda Haiwon; Alcaraz Ramón, Pedro Emilio; Ramos Campo, Domingo Jesús; [et al.]
Discipline/sActividad Física y Deporte
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of hypoxia on metabolic and acid-base balance, blood oxygenation, electrolyte, and half-squat performance variables during high-resistance circuit (HRC) training. METHODS: Twelve resistance-trained subjects participated in this study. After a 6RM testing session, participants performed three randomized trials of HRC: normoxia (NORM: FiO2 = 0.21), moderate hypoxia (MH: FiO2 = 0.16), or high hypoxia (HH: FiO2 = 0.13), separated by 72 h of recovery in normoxic conditions. HRC consisted of two blocks of three exercises (Block 1: bench press, deadlift and elbow flexion; Block 2: half-squat, triceps extension, and ankle extension). Each exercise was performed at 6RM. Rest periods lasted for 35 s between exercises, 3 min between sets, and 5 min between blocks. Peak and mean force and power were determined during half-squat. Metabolic, acid-base balance, blood oxygenation and electrolyte variables, arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2),...