Motor development according to nutritional status in preschoolers
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Author/sPáez Herrera, Jacqueline; Abusleme Allimant, Rosita; Olate Gómez, Francisco; Follegati Shore, Sofia; Briones Oyanedel, Víctor; [et al.]
Discipline/sActividad Física y Deporte
Body mass index
The objective of the study was to compare motor development according to nutritional status in children aged 3 to 5 belonging to “JUNJI” nursery schools from Valparaíso, Chile. It is a descriptive study with a non probabilistic sample for convenience, composed of 136 preschoolers (girls n=70 and boys n=66) with a mean age of 3.67 ± 0.40 years. The body mass index (BMI) was calculated based on the formula extracted from weight and height, expressed in kg/m2 and nutritional status was classified based on international indications described by the World Health Organization (WHO). Motor development was identified and classified with the Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD-2). A comparative analysis was performed according to gender and nutritional status. Preschoolers tested mainlybetween the levels of motor development “very poor”, “poor”, “low average” and “average”. No preschooler wasplaced at the “very high” level. No significant differences were found according to gender and nutriti...