Polyaniline Films as Electrochemical-Proton Pump for Acidification of Thin Layer Samples
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Here, we provide the first experimental evidence of proton release from polyaniline (PANI) films subjected to anodic potentials at environmental pHs. We conducted an extensive characterization of unpolarized/polarized PANI filmssynthesized by traditional sequential voltammetric scanningby using spectroelectrochemistry, synchrotron radiation- X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, near edge X-ray absorption fine structure, and potentiometric pH sensing in the vicinity of the PANI layer. This new insight enables the utilization of PANI as a proton pump, which is actively tuned through an electrochemical pulse, so as to controllably acidify well-confined thin layer samples. Furthermore, we demonstrate the analytical significance of this system by measuring the alkalinity of artificial and natural water samples by using two faced planar PANI electrodes, one working as a proton source and the other one as pH electrode. Finally, the impact of this approach is 2-fold: (i) all-solid...