Associations of the consumption of unprocessed red meat and processed meat with the incidence of cardiovascular disease and mortality, and the dose-response relationship: A systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies
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Author/sBandeira Silva de Medeiros, Gidyenne Christine; Barbalho Mesquita, Gabriela Xavier; Vieira Cunha Lima, Severina Carla; de Oliveira Silva, David Franciole; Morais de Azevedo, Kesley Pablo; [et al.]
Discipline/sActividad Física y Deporte
Ciencias de la Alimentación
Subject/sUnprocessed red meat
ABSTRACT Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the associations of unprocessed red meat and processed meat consumption with cardiovascular disease (CvD) incidence and mortality, and the dose-response relationship. Methods: Published literature was retrieved through a structured search of 10 electronic databases: MeDLiNe/PubMed, Scopus, ScieLO, LiLACS, ScienceDirect, web of Science, Cochrane (CeNTRAL), wHOLiS, PAHO and embase, without language or year of publication restrictions. in addition, we searched the references of published studies. This systematic review was performed in accordance with the Preferred Reporting items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyzes: The PRiSMA Statement. Results: Twenty-one prospective cohort studies were included in the systematic review. The CvDs evaluated in the inserted studies were stroke, heart failure (HF) and coronary heart disease (CHD). Considering the heterogeneity found in the studies, for the meta-analysis, ...