Health status and nutritional development of adopted Ethiopian children living in southern Spain: A prospective cohort study
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Author/sHernández Morante, Juan José; Piernas, Carmen; Pardo Caballero, Antonio; Fernández Abellán, María José; Morales Moreno, Isabel; [et al.]
ABSTRACT Objective:Thefirst aim of this study was to evaluate the health status and anthropometrical development of adopted children from Ethiopia living in southern Spain. A second aim was to evaluate the association between these parameters and adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern. Methods:The study sample included 53 adopted children from Ethiopia and a matched sample of 54 native-born children. A physical examination of the children, including height and weight, was conducted in Ethio-pia at the time of entry into the adoption process. Height and weight were re-measured at thefirst day of adoption and 6, 12, and 24 mo after adoption. After 2 y of follow-up, another physical examination was per-formed, including the KIDMED test, to measure adherence to the Mediterranean diet. Results:Skin and digestive conditions were the most prevalent disorders in Ethiopian children before adop-tion and at the end of follow-up. Baseline anthropometric characteristics indicated a lo...