Dietary intakes among people with vs without food addiction: A systematic review and meta-analysis
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Author/sPiernas, Carmen; Reche García, Cristina; Martínez Rodríguez, Alejandro; Sánchez Guerrero, Alejandra; Hernández Morante, Juan José
Discipline/sCiencias de la Alimentación
Background & aims: Individuals with food addiction (FA) may experience addictive behaviours like those observed in other substances of abuse, which may affect their dietary intake habits. In fact, previous studies have reported associations between FA and dietary patterns, but this evidence has not been quantitatively summarised before. Therefore, this study aimed to explore differences in dietary intakes among adults with vs without food addiction. Methods: A systematic-review and meta-analysis was conducted. Interventional or observational studies evaluating dietary intakes associated with FA that used the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) were explored. PubMed, WoS and SCOPUS databases were searched up to September 2021, and selected articles were confirmed manually. Potentially eligible studies were checked independently by two researchers. YFAS and dietary habits were obtained from the studies selected by the search protocol. Standardized mean differences were retrieved and rand...